Plants and Crops in the Great Sahara Desert


As a desert, many people would not assume that the Sahara Desert produces a healthy crop of edible plants. Nevertheless, the Sahara Desert is home to different types of plants that feed the residents, and even offer a lucrative business option. The plants in the Sahara are a staple in the daily lives and diet of the Sahara population. In particular, there are five plants that are most commonly grown and eaten.

The first of these plants is the orange tree. Most North Americans think of Florida and California when it comes to the orange crop, although the Sahara Desert offers many of its own oranges in its dry, hot landscape. The trees grow particularly well along the coast of the Nile and in various other areas in the Sahara that have an oasis.

A widely used herb in American cuisine is thyme, which naturally thrives in the Sahara, as well as various other herbs. Especially thyme is considered food for many of the animals that inhabit the Sahara Desert, while the local population cultivates thyme to add flavor to their meals.

Figs are also grown in the Sahara desert. Although it may be difficult to see these soft, tasty fruits grow in desert environments, figs play an important role in the diet of the Sahara residents and have done so for centuries.

Another fruit from Africa and the Sahara desert is the Magaria. Magaria are fruits that are similar in size to the cherry. They are a muted brown color and are usually dried for use in cake batter.

Although the olive tree is often reminiscent of Italian olive groves, this plant also comes from the Sahara desert and grows best in many areas bordering the Nile. It is a very useful and vital plant for the ecosystem of the desert, as well as its corporate structure, because the olive tree is a profitable resource.

The term Sahara desert plants typically brings thoughts to the cacti that also populate the area, or even the unusual gourds that can not be eaten, but help to heal bites from a scorpion. As far as the inhabitants of the Sahara go, the most vital plants in the whole area are the plants that are consumed daily as food.